As you study psychology, it is important to realize that it is a behavioral science and psychologists follow specific guidelines for conducting research. Research designs are not all alike, and methods vary based on the nature of the study and the research questions you are asking. What method would best answer your research questions? You can learn a lot about research designs by closely examining how psychologists plan and implement their studies. For this Discussion, you will participate in a study and then analyze it to increase your understanding of research designs.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post by Day 3:
Note: Be sure to support the responses within your Discussion post, and in your colleague reply, with evidence from the assigned Learning Resources.
Summarize Shanahan’s blog post, should students memorize sight words and reflect on the topic by discussing the implications for early childhood reading instruction and include how one might use this in their future professional practice Find the link to the blog post below:
Application: Ethics: Do No Harm
Whenever psychologists conduct research they need to ensure that people who participate in the study are not harmed. Only in exceptional cases, causing minimal harm to the participants—in the form of deception—is permitted to maintain the integrity and the validity of such studies. Researchers in psychology follow the standards identified in the American Psychological Association (APA) Ethics Code to protect the rights and welfare of research participants. All psychologists (including students) need to follow the APA guidelines for ethical behavior while conducting research. You will read more about the codes of ethics in this week’s Learning Resources.
You may wonder, “How do I know if I am going to end up harming my participants inadvertently?” You are right in your apprehension. That is why there are checks and balances in place for conducting psychological research. Prior to conducting any research, the proposed study is reviewed to determine if it meets ethical standards. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) are committees that meet to review psychological research to protect the rights and welfare of human participants and animal subjects, and to determine the possible benefits and risks of a proposed research project. There are three main types of risk in psychological research: the risk of physical injury, psychological injury, and social injury. The IRB provides guidelines on how to minimize the study’s risk.
An effective way to develop your research skills is to analyze sample studies. For this Assignment, you will review brief research descriptions, address ethical issues in them, and apply alternative research methods to resolve them.
The Assignment (2 pages):
Assignment: Ethics: Do No HarmResearchers in psychology (including students) must follow the American Psychological Association’s (APA’s) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2010) to protect the rights and welfare of research participants and ensure no harm will come to them. Furthermore, an Institutional Review Board (IRB) committee must review and approve all research studies involving humans and/or animals before they begin. It is the IRB committee’s responsibility to evaluate proposed research studies per the APA’s ethical principles and codes of conduct as well as to assess the possible benefits and risks of the studies.
An effective way to develop your research skills is to analyze sample studies. For this Assignment, you will review brief research descriptions, identify and address ethical issues, and apply an alternative research methodology.
The Assignment (1–2 pages):
Select one of the following four research studies:
Complete the following for the study you selected (rather than reproduce the scenario in your response, indicate your study selection with a number):
Note: Support the responses within your Assignment with evidence from the assigned Learning Resources. Provide a reference list for resources you used for this Assignment.
Submit your Assignment by Day