Urban, R.W., Jennings, L.A., & Cipher, D.J. (2022). Relationships among resilience, stress, and persistence in prenursing students during Covid-19. Nurse Educator, 47, 102-107. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000001146

1. Which statement best describes the study’s acceptance rate?

A. A majority of those who were eligible participated in the study

B. Only a minority of those who were eligible participated in the study

C. About half of those who were eligible participated in the study

D. It is not possible to make any inferences about how many of those who were eligible participated

2. One of the variables mentioned in the study is persistence. What is the level of measurement for

persistence?

A. Nominal

B. Ordinal

C. Interval

D. Ratio

3. Is persistence measured directly or indirectly?

A. Directly

B. Indirectly

C. Both

D. Neither

4. The article says that the Resilience Scale-14 has good construct vailidity. This means that …

A. The instrument gives consistent results

B. The instrument can be used in a wide variety of settings

C. The instrument actually measures resilience

D. The instrument measures everyone well regardless of cultural background

5. Which of the following statistics is appropriate to use when comparing differences among three

groups in a study where the data meets assumptions for using parametric statistics?

A. Kruskal-Wallis

B. T test

C. Pearson’s r

D. ANOVA

6. Which of the following would be appropriate for measuring differences between independent

normally distributed interval level variables?

A. Pearson’s r

B. T test

C. Spearman’s rank order

D. ANOVA

7. The article states that “When analyzed as 2 separate groups, significant differences were noted in

age (t [361]= 15.21, P < .001) and race/ethnicity (χ 2 = 38.41, P < .001).". This is an example of
A. Descriptive statistics
B. Inferential statistics
C. Exploratory statistics
D. Definitive statistics
8. Which of the following was statistically significant?
A. AO students scored higher than OC students on persistence
B. AO students scored higher than OC students on the social connectedness subscale
C. Both AO and OC students had higher stress scores than a normative sample
D. The average age of the sample was 27.08 years
9. Which of the following is a limitation of the article?
A. The study did not include an intervention
B. Data collection for this study occurred during the COVID pandemic
C. The sample used was small
D. The study did not find significant relationships between its key research variables
10. Which of the following has the most clinical significance?
A. Moderate levels of resilience were reported by the prenursing students in this study.
B. In both OC- and AO-intended students, significant relationships were found between stress,
resilience, and persistence.
C. There were no differences between AO and OC students on the PSOE-N total score or on 4 out of
the 5 sub-scales.
D. Students in this study reported higher levels of stress and resilience than normed groups