What is Nursing Evidence Based Practice? What you need to know

What is Nursing Evidence Based Practice?

When it comes to making decisions concerning the treatment of a specific patient, Nursing Evidence Based Practice is defined as “the conscious, explicit, and judicious utilization of current best evidence.” Essentially, it entails “integrating human clinical experience with the best available external clinical data from systematic research.” In recent years, evidence-based practice (EBP) has evolved to include the best available research evidence, clinical knowledge, the patient’s specific values and circumstances, and the features of the practice environment in which the health professional works.

The meaning of Nursing Evidence Based Practice

According to the Journal of Nursing Administration, evidence-based practice (EBP) is a healthcare method that makes use of the most recent research available in order to enhance the health and safety of patients while simultaneously lowering overall costs and variance in health outcomes. When it comes to practical problem-solving, the latest medical literature, clinical experience, and the values and preferences of the patients under treatment are all taken into consideration.

Although Nursing Evidence Based Practice has only recently gained widespread acceptance in modern nursing practice, beginning in the 1990s, its origins may be traced back to the beginnings of nursing. While the majority of the literature recognizes physician Archie Cochrane in the 1970s as the founder of EBP, which was then known as evidence-based medicine, some nurse researchers believe Florence Nightingale was the first to advocate for it. Her efforts to improve patient outcomes in the face of filthy environments by applying precise observation and analysis in the 1800s are widely regarded as the earliest example of evidence-based practice (EBP).

During the Crimean War, Nightingale was in charge of the barrack hospital in Scutari, Turkey, where she used critical thinking skills, evidence, and experimentation to enhance the health of the patients under her supervision. Also, she employed statistics to help her better predict the morbidity and death rates of her patients. Despite the fact that she lacked the amount of information that we have now, she was a pathfinder for evidence-based practice in nursing.

The shared legacy that all nurses share, which can be traced back to Florence Nightingale, makes EBP a perfect match. Nurses who are considering an online RN to BSN program should make certain that the school they pick offers EBP as an integral element of the educational experience.

What is the significance of Nursing Evidence Based Practice?

Individual healthcare and community health may both be improved by following three principles outlined by researchers at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), while the entire cost of care can be reduced by following these principles. The passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010 elevated the “Triple Aim” to the top of the national priority list for the United States, as it is known. Individuals’ experiences with care are improved, populations’ health is improved, and the per capita costs of care for individuals and populations are reduced, according to the Triple Aim. Since then, a fourth goal has been added: to prevent nurse burnout while also improving the clinical experiences of nurses.

Research has repeatedly demonstrated that evidence-based practice (EBP) improves the delivery of healthcare, strengthens outcomes, reduces regional disparities in treatment, and reduces costs. It has been discovered that incorporating EBP into the workplace increases overall job satisfaction, which in turn minimizes burnout.

Despite the fact that it is effective in accomplishing the Triple and Quadruple Aims, EBP is only slowly becoming the standard of treatment in the United States. We must accelerate the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) because of its shown capacity to significantly enhance quality of treatment while simultaneously cutting costs. Nurses, when equipped with the appropriate knowledge and abilities, may play an important role in the implementation of EBP as members of multidisciplinary teams and healthcare organizations.

What Does Evidence-Based Practice Mean for Nurses?

EBP, as a patient-centered approach to care, provides nurses with the skills they need to be change agents in the pursuit of better healthcare outcomes. It begins with observation and the formulation of a question, progresses via the studious pursuit of an answer through research and integration into care, and, ideally, ends in improved conditions and outcomes, both locally and internationally, as the findings are disseminated and implemented.

Nurses who use evidence-based practice (EBP) become the link between a plethora of medical knowledge and hands-on experience on the ground. The ability to standardize treatment, reduce medical mistakes, and bring about good change in the lives of their patients, their communities, and the globe is one of their greatest accomplishments.

End of the day, evidence-based practice (EBP) provides nurses with the chance to play a more active role in designing nursing practice in collaboration with other healthcare professionals and physicians. In other words, it means living up to the example established by Florence Nightingale and working to improve healthcare from the inside out.

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