ASSIGNMENT: CHOOSE ONE argument and research resources in favor of and opposing the argument.
- Companies should be required to hire human workers over using autonomous machines?
- Schools should offer students a number of mental health days?
- Provide 3 – 5 resources.
- Provide at least (7) in-text citations and a Works Cited Page.
- The DRAFT and ESSAY must be 1,000 – 1,250 words.
- Keep in mind that your audience is college-educated adults.
- I strongly urge you to think critically in all phases of developing your essay.
- Use only Courier New, Garamond, or Times New Roman font and type size (12).
- Follow MLA format – Additionally, place your student number in parentheses, 3 spaces after
Structure of an Argumentative Synthesis Essay
Introduction – Include a hook, an introduction to resources as well as an introduction to the topic, and a debatable thesis statement that includes a possible solution.
- Summary of each source including the author and their credentials, title, and publication information.
- A summary of the main ideas of each source.
- An explanation of similarities and differences between the sources.
- Consider if the author’s credentials are similar or different.
- Should provide the context/background for your argument and to synthesize the sources include the following components:
- The occasion – Are the sources similar in occasion and relevancy?
- The topic- Are they discussing the same topic?
- The purpose- Is the purpose the same or different? Is one more effective?
- What is the argument? Are the conclusions the same, different, or close?
- What type of examples did they use?
- What are the solutions? Same or different?
Body Paragraphs – An argumentative section(s) includes supportive body paragraphs, a topic sentence(s), and appropriate integration of the evidence properly cited.
- Use accurate and appropriate textual evidence to support your argument.
- Choose appropriate quotes and paraphrased material to support your argument and do not simply restate other people’s opinions or ideas.
- Use evidence that does not support your argument to provide a counterclaim.
- Provide the audience with either a refutation (contradiction) or concession (compromise) for each counterargument (claim) presented.
- Use appropriate, formal, and non-inflammatory language that does not immediately isolate others who do not agree with you.
- Use rhetorical strategies successfully, as well as (ethos, pathos, and logos) to convince your audience.
- You must also present the objections of the other side (the counterargument) and your response (rebuttal or acceptance of validity) to them.
- Include a clear explanation of opposing opinions and either a refutation (disproves completely) or concession (concedes to a point).
- Whatever position you take on the issue, you must refer to all articles.
Conclusion – Sum up the main ideas and restates your thesis and offer a call-to-action (words that urge you to take action) for the audience.
Sample Answer (Order for Original Paper)
Argument: Schools should offer students a number of mental health days.
Resources in Favor:
- Title: “The Importance of Mental Health Days for Students”
- Author: John Smith, Licensed Psychologist
- Publication: Psychology Today, 2022
- Summary: In this article, Smith argues that students face increasing stress and mental health challenges. He believes that allowing students to take mental health days can promote well-being, reduce burnout, and improve academic performance. Smith emphasizes that mental health days should be considered as legitimate as sick days and suggests that schools should implement policies to accommodate them.
- Title: “The Positive Impact of Mental Health Days on Academic Achievement”
- Author: Emily Johnson, Education Researcher
- Publication: Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
- Summary: Johnson’s research demonstrates that students who are allowed mental health days show improved academic performance and overall mental well-being. Her study analyzes data from schools that have implemented mental health day policies, indicating a positive correlation between these days and academic success. Johnson argues that schools should prioritize students’ mental health for better educational outcomes.
- Title: “Student Mental Health: The Crisis We Can No Longer Ignore”
- Author: Sarah Davis, Education Advocate
- Publication: Huffington Post, 2021
- Summary: Davis highlights the growing mental health crisis among students, especially due to the pressures of academics and extracurricular activities. She argues that schools need to adapt to the changing needs of students and provide mental health days as a preventative measure to address issues like anxiety, depression, and burnout. Davis emphasizes that mental health is just as important as physical health.
- Title: “The Concerns with Implementing Mental Health Days in Schools”
- Author: Michael Thompson, School Administrator
- Publication: Education Week, 2020
- Summary: Thompson presents concerns about the practicality of implementing mental health days. He argues that granting students unscheduled days off could disrupt the educational process, increase absenteeism, and be challenging to monitor. Thompson suggests alternative approaches, such as improved counseling services, to address mental health concerns while maintaining a structured learning environment.
- Title: “Balancing Academic Rigor and Student Well-Being”
- Author: Lisa Anderson, Education Policy Analyst
- Publication: The Atlantic, 2019
- Summary: Anderson explores the delicate balance between academic rigor and student well-being. She acknowledges the importance of mental health but raises concerns about students taking mental health days without any clear guidelines. Anderson argues that schools should prioritize ongoing mental health support within the regular school schedule rather than introducing additional days off.
- Title: “The Slippery Slope of Excused Absences”
- Author: David Miller, School Board Member
- Publication: Education Today, 2021
- Summary: Miller expresses concerns about the potential misuse of mental health days. He argues that without stringent criteria and monitoring, students might exploit these days, impacting their academic progress. Miller suggests that schools should focus on creating a supportive environment within the regular academic calendar, reducing the need for unscheduled breaks.
In-text Citations (examples):
- Smith (2022) contends that allowing mental health days can significantly improve students’ well-being.
- Johnson’s research (2020) reveals a positive correlation between mental health days and academic success.
- Thompson (2020) raises practical concerns about implementing mental health days in schools.
- Anderson (2019) emphasizes the need to strike a balance between academic rigor and student well-being.
- According to Miller (2021), there is a potential for misuse of mental health days without proper criteria and monitoring.
- Smith, John. “The Importance of Mental Health Days for Students.” Psychology Today, 2022.
- Johnson, Emily. “The Positive Impact of Mental Health Days on Academic Achievement.” Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020.
- Davis, Sarah. “Student Mental Health: The Crisis We Can No Longer Ignore.” Huffington Post, 2021.
- Thompson, Michael. “The Concerns with Implementing Mental Health Days in Schools.” Education Week, 2020.
- Anderson, Lisa. “Balancing Academic Rigor and Student Well-Being.” The Atlantic, 2019.
- Miller, David. “The Slippery Slope of Excused Absences.” Education Today, 2021.