illustrate the fives modes within which  an ethical leader can exercise authority

Instruction Details

a. illustrate the fives modes within which  an ethical leader can exercise authority

b. Evaluate four factors related to interpersonal dimension that relate to unethical behaviour of leaders

c. Assess the bases of power that leader may leverage in the leader follower relationship

d. Analyze the function of organization culture.

e. Examine the considerations to be made before constituting  corporate board

f. Assess the process of developing a code of conduct

g. Analyze the factors to be considered in evaluating a board of directors

h. Analyze the component of ethical leadership in realizing good governance

i. Illustrate the areas related to followers that contribute to unethical leadership

Answer Guide

a. Modes of Ethical Leadership Authority:

Ethical leaders exercise their authority through various modes that align with their ethical principles and values:

  1. Lead by Example: Ethical leaders set a positive precedent by adhering to high moral standards themselves. Their actions become a model for their followers to emulate.
  2. Empowerment: Ethical leaders empower their team members, allowing them to take ownership of their work and make ethical decisions. This mode builds trust and promotes accountability.
  3. Servant Leadership: Ethical leaders prioritize the needs of their followers and focus on serving their interests. They support personal and professional growth and ensure their well-being.
  4. Inspirational Leadership: Ethical leaders use their vision and passion to inspire and motivate their followers toward ethical behavior. They communicate a compelling ethical purpose.
  5. Participative Decision-Making: Ethical leaders involve their followers in decision-making processes, valuing their input and creating a collaborative environment where ethical considerations are prominent.

b. Factors Related to Unethical Behavior of Leaders:

Several factors in the interpersonal dimension contribute to unethical behavior among leaders:

  1. Lack of Integrity: Leaders who lack personal integrity may compromise their ethical principles to achieve personal gains or organizational goals.
  2. Ego and Hubris: Excessive pride and ego can lead leaders to disregard ethical concerns, believing their actions are justified due to their perceived superiority.
  3. Lack of Empathy: Leaders who lack empathy may make decisions that harm others without considering the ethical implications of their choices.
  4. Poor Communication: Inadequate communication can lead to misunderstandings and unethical behavior. Leaders who fail to provide clear guidelines may inadvertently foster misconduct.

c. Bases of Power in Leader-Follower Relationship:

Leaders can leverage various bases of power to influence their followers:

  1. Legitimate Power: Derived from a leader’s formal position and authority within the organization.
  2. Reward Power: The ability to provide rewards or incentives to motivate followers.
  3. Coercive Power: The use of punishments or penalties to control behavior.
  4. Expert Power: Based on a leader’s knowledge, skills, and expertise.
  5. Referent Power: Arises from followers’ respect, admiration, and identification with the leader.

d. Function of Organizational Culture:

Organizational culture shapes the behavior, values, and interactions of individuals within the organization. It serves several functions:

  1. Guiding Behavior: Culture provides a framework that guides employee behavior, ensuring consistency and alignment with organizational values.
  2. Building Identity: Culture creates a sense of identity and belonging among employees, fostering unity and shared purpose.
  3. Defining Norms: Culture establishes norms and standards of conduct that influence ethical decision-making and behavior.
  4. Influencing Communication: Culture affects how information is shared, encouraging transparency and open communication.

e. Considerations for Constituting Corporate Board:

When constituting a corporate board, several considerations are essential:

  1. Diversity: Ensure diverse representation in terms of skills, backgrounds, gender, and ethnicity to bring varied perspectives to decision-making.
  2. Expertise: Select board members with relevant expertise in areas critical to the organization’s operations.
  3. Independence: Balance the board with independent members who can provide unbiased oversight.
  4. Ethics and Integrity: Choose individuals with a proven track record of ethical behavior and commitment to good governance.

f. Process of Developing a Code of Conduct:

Developing a code of conduct involves the following steps:

  1. Research and Consultation: Gather input from stakeholders, employees, and legal experts to understand the organization’s ethical challenges.
  2. Drafting: Create a comprehensive document outlining ethical standards, behaviors, and expectations.
  3. Review and Approval: Circulate the draft among key stakeholders for feedback and revisions. Obtain leadership and legal approval.
  4. Communication: Launch the code of conduct through training, workshops, and communication campaigns to ensure understanding and compliance.

g. Factors to Consider in Evaluating a Board of Directors:

Evaluating a board of directors involves considering various factors:

  1. Performance: Assess the board’s ability to make strategic decisions and provide effective oversight.
  2. Diversity: Evaluate diversity in skills, backgrounds, and perspectives to ensure comprehensive decision-making.
  3. Independence: Consider the percentage of independent directors and their ability to provide unbiased oversight.
  4. Engagement: Measure the level of engagement, attendance, and participation of board members in meetings and discussions.

h. Component of Ethical Leadership in Good Governance:

Ethical leadership is essential for realizing good governance:

  1. Transparency: Ethical leaders promote transparency by communicating openly, sharing information, and adhering to ethical standards.
  2. Accountability: Ethical leaders take responsibility for their actions and decisions, setting an example for the organization.
  3. Integrity: Ethical leaders demonstrate integrity by aligning actions with values and consistently upholding ethical principles.

i. Areas Related to Followers Contributing to Unethical Leadership:

Followers can contribute to unethical leadership in several ways:

  1. Blind Obedience: Followers who unquestioningly follow their leaders’ directives, even if they’re unethical, contribute to the perpetuation of misconduct.
  2. Silence: When followers fail to speak up against unethical behavior, they enable and normalize such conduct.
  3. Lack of Accountability: Followers who evade responsibility for their actions can create an environment where unethical behavior goes unchecked.

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